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TOEFL Listening Tips: Essential Vocabulary and Tips to Practice II

2019-11-12编辑 : 津桥国际学院
本片文章主要针对托福听力提出了三项建议。

  本片文章主要针对托福听力提出了三项建议。

  Contents

  #1 Taking notes

  #2 Pay attention to Tone and Stress

  #3 Expand your vocabulary

  #2 Pay attention to Tone and Stress 注意语调和重音

  你可能已经从TOEFL Listening听力中注意到,英语的语调有很多变化。除非他们感到无聊,否则讲话者在整个句子中很少会表现出平淡的语气!

  尽管测试有时会有些起伏,但你会注意到以英语为母语的人实际上是这样做的,这是传达含义和态度的重要组成部分。

  在“托福听力”部分,你将听到两个人之间的非正式对话,并且经常被问到演讲者的态度。为了帮助你回答问题,请密切注意演讲者的语气以及他/她选择强调的单词。

  让我们看一个例子:

  Boy: “How do you like your new social sciences class?”

  Girl: “ It’s really great. The teacher is always absent.”

  Question: What is the girl’s attitude towards the class?

  根据女孩怎么说这句话,这里有两种可能性。如果她在第二个短语中加长“ really”一词并保持平淡的语气,则可能是在讽刺,因此不喜欢上课。

  另一方面,如果她以高音朗读“really great”和“always”,则表明她很兴奋,并且她必须喜欢这堂课,因为老师永远不会在场。

  常见的语调模式:

  –困惑/不确定性Confusion/Uncertainty: multiple pauses / slow speech / fillers ‘Um..well..I guess I could”

  –兴奋Excitement: high tone ‘That’s great!’

  –惊喜Surprise: rising tone ‘Are you serious?”

  –单调Consistent flat tone: boredom/indifference “That’s great

  TOEFL Listening Tips #3: Expand your vocabulary 扩充词汇量

  Because the listening involves “real-life” conversations, you can expect lots of phrasal verbs, idiomatic expressions, and university-related vocabulary. In order to understand the context of the conversations, you should know words like: 由于听力涉及“real-life现实生活”对话,因此我们可以看到有很多短语动词,惯用语表达以及与大学有关的词汇。 为了理解对话的上下文,你应该知道以下单词:

  Dean= the head of a college or university faculty or department.

  Registrar= an official in a college or university who is responsible for keeping student records.

  Scholarships= a grant made to support a student’s education, usually given based on academic or other achievement.

  Prerequisite= a course that is required to be completed before entering another course.

  Student Loan= a sum of money borrowed from the bank to be used for university tuition and payed back once a student graduates.

  Tuition= the amount of money paid for instruction at a college or university.

  Transcript= an official record of a student’s grades and courses taken.

  Deadline/Due Date=The day by which something should be completed or submitted.

  在对话和讲座中,你经常会听到短语动词和惯用语,因此你应该尽早开始学习和练习它们。

  常见短语和搭配:

  Hand in =submit (an assignment)

  Check out =take a book out from the library

  Take up (sthng) with (so)= discuss an important issue in detail

  Look over= review in detail

  Find out= discover

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