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托福阅读句子简化题(一)

2019-12-18编辑 : 津桥国际学院

柳萌

2009年授课-至今

  句子简化题作为托福阅读中的必考题型,能全面考查考生对于长难句和逻辑关系的理解,因此是需要考生重点掌握的题型,也是进入托福题型的基础,首先我们对句子简化题做一个大概了解。

  句子简化题作为托福阅读中的必考题型,能全面考查考生对于长难句和逻辑关系的理解,因此是需要考生重点掌握的题型,也是进入托福题型的基础,首先我们对句子简化题做一个大概了解。

  第一部分:题型面貌:

  我们以一道真题为例,下图是句子简化题在托福考试界面中的显示方式,上边是文章,下边是

  问题,考生需要根据自己的理解,点击圆圈标注出正确答案。

  American paleontologists David Raup and John Sepkoski, who have studied extinction rates in a number of fossil groups, suggest that episodes of increased extinction have recurred periodically, approximately every 26 million years since the mid-Cretaceous period. The late Cretaceous extinction of the dinosaurs and ammonoids was just one of the more drastic in a whole series of such recurrent extinction episodes. The possibility that mass extinctions may recur periodically has given rise to such hypotheses as that of a companion star with a long-period orbit deflecting other bodies from their normal orbits, making some of them fall to Earth as meteors and causing widespread devastation upon impact.

  Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

  ○Based on their studies of extinction rates of numerous fossil groups, paleontologists David Raup and John Sepkoski have determined that mass extinctions occur about every 26 million years.

  ○David Raup and John Sepkoski studied extinction rates of numerous fossil groups and suggest that mass extinctions during the Cretaceous period continued for 26 million years.

  ○Studies that paleontologists David Raup and John Sepkoski conducted of various fossil groups have revealed that extinction rates have increased over the past 26 million years.

  ○The studies conducted by paleontologists David Raup and John Sepkoski of the fossil remains of species suggest that the extinction rate of species started to increase by the middle of the Cretaceous period.

 

 

 

  第二部分: 题型考点

  本题的题干为Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

  从题干信息中可以判断出,本题主要考查学生对于句子 essential information即主要信息的

  理解,需要在长难句中提取主要信息,确保主要信息的准确性。同时题干中还友情提示了错

  误信息的特点。

  题干中所说的 essential information是什么呢?从英语语言学和托福考查的角度来说, essential information指:句子主干和逻辑关系。即当一个句子只有一套主干的时候,提取主干就是考查点,当句子中出现分句的时候,分句和主句之间的关系是考查点。

  第三部分:题型分类

  在题型考查点的基础上,我们就能把题分成两类,这两类分别是

  含有逻辑关系的句子

  例如:

  He refused to develop projection technology, reasoning that if he made and sold projectors,

  then exhibitors would purchase only one machine-a projector-from him instead of a lot.

  不含逻辑关系的句子

  例如:

  It is significant that the earliest living things that built communities on these islands are

  examples of symbiosis, a phenomenon that depends upon the close cooperation of two or more

  forms of life and a principle that is very important in island communities.

  综上,以上是给各位展示的托福阅读句子简化题的基础信息,包括题型面貌,题型考点和题型分类三部分,首先各位同学应该首先对这种题型有个初步了解,见到能够认识,知道此题型的考点是什么,逻辑关系的重要性,下一章我们会继续和大家讨论此题型解法。

 

 

 

 

上一篇:托福阅读句子简化题(二)

下一篇:托福阅读中的省略结构

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